The Summary of ” Top of the world”

Everest lies between the border of Nepal and China. Reaching an height of 29,035ft (8,848m.) It is the tallest mountain in the world. Everest is named by George Everest.

Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay reach Everest summit. At 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953,  And they became the first explorers to reach the summit of Mount Everest, at 29,035 feet above sea level is the highest point on earth.

Edmund Hillary (1919-2008)was bee keeper from far away New Zealand. He was very poor at study and was and was a shy boy. He discovered his love of snow and climbing mountains at age of 16 during a school ski trip to Mount Ruapehu in Tongariro National Park. Hillary’s first climb was  at age of 20, at Mount Ollivier,  in New Zealand’s Southern Alps.

Tenzing Norgay, (1914-1986) was a member  of Sherpa tribe. The Sherpa’s were the people who live in Himalaya area.  They had skills  for climbing. But none of them ever  succeed. He also tried many times but  he could not  climb.

In 1849 they both were invited to a expedition by British, to climb world highest point.  The expedition had over 400 people, including 362 porters, 20 Sherpa guides, and 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg) of baggage.

The expedition begun on 10th March 1953 and, working slowly, set up its final camp at the Soth Col at 25,900 feet (7,890 m). On 26 May, Bourdillon and Evans attempted the climb but turned back when Evans’ oxygen  system failed. The pair had reached the South Summit, coming within 300 vertical feet (91 m) of the summit.  

Snow and wind delayed them at the South Col for two days. They set out on 28 May with the support of Lowe, Alfred Gegory, and Ang Nyima. The two pitched a tent at 27,900 feet (8,500 m) on 28 May, while their support group returned down the mountain. On the following morning Hillary discovered that his boots had frozen solid outside the tent. He spent two hours warming them over a stove before he and Tenzing, wearing 30-pound (14 kg) packs, attempted the final ascent.[41] The final obstacle was the 40-foot (12 m) rock face now called “Hillary’s Step”; Hillary later wrote:

I noticed a crack between the rock and the snow sticking to the East Face. I crawled inside and wriggled and jammed my way to the top … Tenzing slowly joined me and we moved on. I chopped steps over bump after bump, wondering a little desperately where the top could be. Then I saw the ridge ahead dropped away to the north and above me on the right was a rounded snow dome. A few more whacks with my ice-axe and Tenzing and I stood on top of Everest.

Tenzing later wrote that Hillary took the first step onto the summit and he followed. They reached Everest’s 29,028 ft (8,848 m) summit – the highest point on earth – at 11:30 am.

They spent about 15 minutes at the summit. Hillary took a photo of Tenzing posing with his ice-axe,  They also took photos looking down the mountain. 

 

Hillary (left) and George Lowe(right) with Governor-General  Sir Willoughby Norrie at Goverment House Wellington, 20 August 1953

Tenzing left chocolates at the summit as an offering, and Hillary left a cross given to him by John Hunt. Their descent was complicated by drifting snow which had covered their tracks. The first person they met was Lowe; Hillary said, “Well, George, we knocked the bastard off.”

Then they went down within 15 minutes cause their oxygen could finish.  So they went down to Lukla. And went  to Kathmandu.