Summary of "To the Top! Climbing the World's Highest Mountain" : Sydelle Kramer (Author)
Everest lies between the border of Nepal and China. Reaching an height of 29,035ft (8,848m.) It is the tallest mountain in the world. Everest is named by George Everest.
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay reach Everest summit. At 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953, And they became the first explorers to reach the summit of Mount Everest, at 29,035 feet above sea level is the highest point on earth.
Edmund Hillary (1919-2008) was bee keeper from far away New Zealand. He was very poor at study and was and was a shy boy. He discovered his love of snow and climbing mountains at age of 16 during a school ski trip to Mount Ruapehu in Tongariro National Park. Hillary's first climb was at age of 20, at Mount Ollivier, in New Zealand's Southern Alps.
Tenzing Norgay, (1914-1986) was a member of Sherpa tribe. The Sherpa's were the people who live in Himalaya area. They had skills for climbing. But none of them ever succeed to climb Everest. Tenzing also tried to climb many times but he could not succeed
In 1849 they both were invited to a expedition by British, to climb the summit. The expedition had over 400 people, including 362 porters, 20 Sherpa guides, and 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg) of baggage.
The expedition begun on 10th March 1953 and, working slowly, set up its final camp at the Soth Col at 25,900 feet (7,890 m).
The two Tenzing and Edmund pitched a tent at 27,900 feet (8,500 m) on 28 May, the last camp to reach the summit, while their support group returned down the mountain. On the following morning Hillary discovered that his boots had frozen solid outside the tent. They spent two hours warming themselves over a stove before he and Tenzing, wearing 30-pound (14 kg) packs, attempted the final climb. The final obstacle was the 40-foot (12 m) steep rock now called "Hillary's Step";
Tenzing later wrote that Hillary took the first step onto the summit and he followed. They reached Everest's 29,028 ft (8,848 m) summit – the highest point on earth – at 11:30 am.
They spent about 15 minutes at the summit. Hillary took a photo of Tenzing posing with his ice-ax, They also took photos looking down the mountain.
Tenzing left chocolates at the summit as an offering, and Hillary left a cross given to him by John Hunt.
Then they went down within 15 minutes because if they stay long at the summit their oxygen could finish. So they went down to Lukla. And went to Kathmandu.
In Kathmandu they were welcomed like a king. Red carpet was spread for them as an honor for them. They both became hero of the world. The news spread like a burning fire.