Summary of: Father of the Nation- Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, Rolihlahla Mandela, in the Transkei region of South Africa. His name means troublemaker in the Xhosa language. So, later a Christian teacher gave him the name Nelson.
In 1934, when Nelson was 16 years old, he did a ritual African tradition to become a man. Then Nelson was sent to Claskbury, the best boarding school for African children.
At a young age of 21, Mandela was accepted to the University college of Fort Hare but was dismissed because he took part in a student protest. In the 1940s, Mandela entered into the African National Congress (ANC). One night, a member of the ANC and Nelson Mandela were going to Johannesburg from a meeting. On their way, they were arrested by the police. Then Nelson was taken to Pretoria prison on 7th November 1962. After seven months, Nelson and the other three prisoners returned to another prison named Robben Island, the cruelest prison in the country.
South African people were fighting for their country including his kids. The country was getting worse. Then on May 31, 1982, some other prisoners and Nelson were transferred to Pollsmoor prison where Nelson could talk with some political leaders. On February 10th 1990, president Frederik Willem De Klerk met Nelson and told him that he would be released the next day. And on 11th February 1990, after twenty seven years in prison, Nelson Mandela was finally released.
In 1993 Nelson Mandela and President FW de Klerk, jointly won the Nobel Peace Prize for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa. On April 27, 1994, all the citizens stood at the same line to vote. The ANC won the election and Nelson Mandela became South Africa's first Black President on May 10, 1994. It was a great freedom for black people. He served as a President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. Later, he stepped down from politics. But sadly on 5 December 2013, Nelson Mandela died at his home because of a prolonged respiratory infection.
Quotes of Nelson Mandela:
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”
“A winner is a dreamer who never gives up.”
“Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.”